Thursday, September 26, 2019

Some Very Important Suggestions for Effective Puppy Training

Providing obedience-training is one of the most important parts of sensible dog-raising and it shapes and balances the fine link between the canonical spirit and the human society, making both the aspects acceptable to each other. Sit on command training is a comparatively easy one to handle by both the dog and his owner. Sit on command is often taken as one of the primary steps towards training your dog about obedience, and acts as a base for the dog to develop and learn more advanced forms of obedient training.

Early start is suggested

The training makes your dog look good and admirable near the guests as this prohibits him from jumping on them to greet them. The best time to start sit command training is when your dog is still in his puppy-hood as that is the time when the lessons have a long-term effect on the dog's mind and life. So earlier the better! Therefore it is important for you to build a tight bond and trust with your puppy from the very beginning. A strong owner-dog bonding will help you build trust and confidence in him for you. Eventually he will start treating you as a leader.

Detaching distractions is suggested

To begin with, a small room (adequately airy and clean) should serve your training purpose. A small cozy closed space will help you detach your pup from any sort of distraction.  You can choose any time of the day to start this training. It is important to keep in mind the following factors while teaching your dog sit on command.

Patience and positive attitude is suggested

It is important that your puppy grows fondness, dependency and loyalty towards you, which again depends on how to treat him and how you instill lessons in his mind with positive reinforcement.
As an owner you should understand that puppies cannot be expected to stick to one kind of game for a long period of time and hence any training should not be an elongated process. There should be repetition as many number of times as possible with intermediary play and walk breaks one. An elongated session of teaching a particular trick will make the puppy feel confined and tired in the process. Make the process fun-filled with suggested breaks and praises to make the puppy enjoy the training. Patience and positive attitude is very important here.

Maintaining consistency in everything related is suggested

Very important... you should be very consistent and yet informal with the training, so that your dog does not take it as a burden and become lethargic. choice of command words must be consistent. If you choose the word "Down" to teach him to lie down, then NEVER use "Lie" or "Lie Down" for the same purpose. Consistency in choice of words and your action is the key to the success story! The most important thing to keep in mind as an owner is to make sure that your dog is understanding what you are asking him to do for you. If he is not understanding, then there's something that you need to fix at your end... there's no problem with the dog.

Helping in associating words with actions is suggested
Remember, your dog doesn't know human words! Use of a particular word, for example, 'Sit' will become a command, if and only if you can successfully help your puppy associate your word with the desired action. Dictionary meaning of a word doesn't matter with your dog. What matters is the association of sound of the word with the action you help him to associate with.

Reward based training is effective and suggested

It is important for the owner to help the dog relate action with the sound of a word and then use rewards to practice it. However, Reward based training process are misused by many trainers.

Reward Based Training is not always Positive Reinforcement Training, contrary to the popular belief. A "Reward" is a stimuli that is presented before the dog to initiate teaching good behavior. But a stimuli that stimulates a dog to initiate a bad behavior is thew on set of failure. Because often times, the trainers are not skilled enough to start the implement a Reward based training process. And consequently end up making the stimuli make the dog behave undesirably and then get punished as corrective measures... This entire process is unscientific and illogical.

However, many dog trainers, consider the Reward Based Training methods as unsuitable, because they think a reward is an opportunity for the dog to fail. They, instead, take "Reward" away from their training process and apply other approaches that they think better for the dog, because taking  away the reward is killing the opportunity for the dog's failure. A Positive Reinforcement is the reward based training when the scope doesn't exist for the dog to make mistake and get punished, but only get reward for desirable behavior and the negative behaviors is tactically ignored by the trainer.

Keeping a realistic expectation is suggested

Have realistic expectations from your dog, as he tends to take time to grasp your command and act accordingly. There's not one dog on this planet that cannot be trained. All dogs can be trained; They are Caninesteins! All you need is to have a realistic expectation from your dog. If you have enough Time, Patience, and Scientifically Backed Practical Knowledge then it is surely possible.

You cannot expect from an un-socialized dog to behave calm in front of other animals and strangers. That's not a realistic expectation. Once the dog is socialized you can apply corrective training methods to rectify his behavioral problems with yourself being patient and having positive attitude. This is realistic expectation.

Deter from punishing your puppy for slow or no progress, as dogs hardly has a sense of reason or time and hence tends to get baffled and confused when they are treated badly. This is the best conclusion I have come up with!   


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Tuesday, September 24, 2019

Puppy Caring and Raising Tips For You

Frank Howard Clark, the famous screenwriter said it perfect... "A habit is something you can do without thinking - which is why most of us have so many of them." Dogs - irrespective of breed, type and size, are of no exception. Rather, they can exhibit more disciplined life by being in a set of particular habit and routine, provided the habits are not bad. Developing a habit falls much under the training activities, and the best way to start developing desirable habits is initiating a regular grooming session when he is just a few weeks old. If you are considering bringing home a puppy, CONGRATULATIONS!! With just a little planning bringing home your little fur-ball will open the door to years of love, fun and happiness.

After, bringing home your puppy, taking care of it becomes a full-time responsibility. So, you need to take care of it from the first day. Here are some very important puppy care tips you should consider. These puppy care tips for feeding, medication, vaccinations, socialization and building up good habits, are almost all the same for all pups - irrespective of breed, group and size.

Caring and raising a German Shepherd puppy are not something that demand a very different approach. Like any other breeds, GSD puppies should be fed well. Improper feeding may bring immense problem in German Shepherd puppies. Prior to weaning your German shepherd puppy, make sure he has obtain the utmost nutritional needs from his mother's milk. By the time you are picking the puppy make sure he has been totally weaned to solid foods, and that too of good quality.

Provide your GSD puppy a perfectly suitable environment is of utmost importance. The essential components that can make effective raising includes comfort, safety and amusement. Your puppy needs a comfortable bed to sleep, but more than that he should be provided with a space which he can consider his own. Keep him in a room with rough surface floor. Rough flooring is essential for your German Shepherd puppy. If you have slippery floor, make out a solution immediately before his legs or paws get deformed. Many GSD puppies are big time stone eater. They even consume mud and trash if they get a chance. Continuous perseverance and supervision may be a solution.

By nature they are very inquisitive and may get into things that are lying around him. This is quite common for puppies of all breed. Keeping harmful object out of his reach is important. Consider including lots of safe toys & things that can amused your puppy as they need attention.

Food plays the most important role during the first few months, because it is the time for the development of bones and muscles. Quality is preferred over quantity. Overfeeding can lead to anatomic problems like deformed pastern, and may even lead to serious issues related to hips and elbow. The best advice is to provide several feeds in small quantity, instead of two or three feeds in large amount.

If you experience loose or semi-muddy stools, poor coat quality, skin rashes, inadequate growth of bones and muscles, etc., with your puppy or if you have noticed other problem related to growth then chances are high that he is not getting the right kind and proportion of nutrients that he requires from it's current food or feeding style. Taking care of your puppy's health today is like a health insurance for him for tomorrow.

His first vaccination, first stepping outside, first visit to the park, first meeting with the other animals, first interaction with your friends, first experience of the thunder claps and so on are all very important part of puppy care and socialization. Socializing your pup is as important as quality food. Socializing your pup to different situations, sounds, strangers and other animals is the most important part of raising your pup. A reasonable amount of socializing will give your pup a healthy and stress-free life. Socialization should be aimed at helping your pup to understand new and varied situations, places and people, and help your pup to have a very favourable experiences with such things. Proper and strategic socialization will help your pup grow with confidence.

Maintaining hygiene is your responsibility. Always check his eyes, ears, feet and in between toes regularly is as important as providing him with best quality food, fresh water and pure love.

Often times I receive emails from my friends and readers that are related to giving their pups additional nutritional supplements. The last Sunday I got a call from one of my old buddy, who has adopted a GSD pup recently. He was wondering if he should give his pup any additional dose of minerals or vitamin supplements. If the pups is getting adequate amount of high quality diet there should not be any need for additional health supplement or vitamins. Growth should be fine if the pup is getting balanced diet.

Additional doses of minerals, vitamins and protein can have adverse impact on your pup's health. Excess amount of calcium and phosphate can do more harm than good... they can expose the pup to the risk of developmental bone diseases.

Excess of protein, vitamins and minerals hardly have any impact on the final adult size. The adult size is only dependant on the genes your pup is carrying.

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Saturday, August 31, 2019

Why Dog Bites Happen?

Understanding Dog Bites - Most Common Triggers That Lead To Dog Bites

According to reports during 1980s and 1990s the fatalities caused by dog bites had been reckoned to be around 17 per year, while in the 2000s the number rose to 26 yearly. Records have shown that over 70% of dog bite incidences occur from the pets – either within the family or friends' pets. Kids have always been the major victims of dog bites and the most common reasons behind it is lack of awareness about why dogs bite. Here are a few most important reasons of dog bites:

Territoriality and Possessiveness: Territoriality and possessiveness are most undesirable behavior in dogs and owners need to check before such behaviors turn out to be an irreparable problem. Dogs are naturally territorial and possessive about their pack (the family they live with). Territoriality turns out to be a real challenge for a owner if the dog selects a specific corner of the house he/she live.
Possessive, on the other hand, can be a nightmare if the dog is not trained to release objects. Dogs that are raised separately from the family are more prone to develop such behaviors. It is important to effectively obedience train a dog from the very early age, and such behaviors should be discouraged from the beginning. Make the dog feel that there’s no personal corner in the house for him. While offering food teach him to stay cool when someone touches his bowl.

Fear of Dogs (Cynophobia): Fear of dogs makes people behave irrationally when they come across a dog – especially the stray or unleashed dogs. The strange behavior that most cynophobic persons exhibit and their screams due to the aversion to the animals often makes even the most cool dogs irritated, which then launch an unexpected attack.

Related Reads - Dog  Showing Aggressive  Behavior 


My Dog Shows Hyper Aggression Towards Other Animals - What Might Be The Reason?


Why Dogs Become Aggressive?


 Dog’s fear towards human: Fear directed towards strangers and even some known persons at times like vets or gardeners often generates aggression (fear based aggression) in a dog. Even the friendliest dog may attack unexpectedly due to fear towards certain people or type of people. Proper socialization is of utmost importance to prevent a dog from developing such tendencies. Fear bites are often developed by dogs that exhibits avoidance behavior to certain people, type of people or any people under specific situation(s) at an early age. Once you notice such behavior in your puppy, it is mandatory to address the problem immediately and go in for proper socialization session.

Physical Irritation: Physical irritation such as pain or illness can cause dog bites. Pain and uneasiness can cause even the most docile dog to bite unexpectedly. If you notice a sudden drop of activeness with noticeable impudence in behavior in your dog for no apparent reason it is advisable to immediately give a call to your vet, considering that your dog is in pain or health issues.

Maternal instincts: Even the most obedient and well trained dog can bite when she has pups. All dogs are naturally protective, but the Protective Instinct, especially in a female dog gets magnified several times when she has puppies. There’s no way you can help it except teaching your kids not to handle puppies and the mother unsupervised.

Redirected Aggression Bites: Bites due to redirected aggression at times becomes highly unpredictable, yet quite common. Redirected aggression are aggression in which the effects are being discharged on you although aggression was actually on something else. This means, the dog’s aggression is redirected from the triggering source to the one who disturbs him or comes in between. The incidence of bites from redirected aggression commonly occurs when you pushes or try to set apart the fighting dogs. Another situation when a dog bites another dog in the same pack due to redirected aggression is when both the dogs are turning aggressive over something else but fails to attack it.

Bite Caused by Dominance Aggression: Dominance is a major problem. It is important to set correct set of rules and boundaries for your dog and strike a proper balance between love and limitations. Any kind of dominating behavior should be discouraged from the very beginning. Establishing and retaining the your Alpha membership in the pack is of utmost importance in order to prevent dominance aggression.

Related Reads - Understanding Your Mistakes in Dog Bite Incidences

Most dog bite problems can be resolved by the way of responsible ownership .


Nature's Rule for Pack Hierarchy and My BIG Mistake

An awareness about the most common triggers causing dog bites will help you avoid such situations. In most cases dog bites are followed by behavioral signs that should be understood. The most effective of all techniques for preventing dog bites is proper training and correct socialization at the early stage. Training and socialization are actually ongoing processes and should be continued throughout your dog’s life. All you need is to be a keen observer and should be able to understand your dog’s every behavior and distinguish goods from undesirable ones.

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Wednesday, August 28, 2019

Top 10 Tips on Leash Training a Puppy

Properly training your puppy is an essential part of being a good dog owner, and leash training is one of the most important goals to reach. Even if your puppy won’t leave your side, and even if they rarely leave your large, fenced-in yard, they must still learn to walk with a collar and leash. When you take your dog to the vet or the park; or if your traditional or underground dog fence is temporarily down; your dog will need to be on a leash for their own safety. Sometimes leash training can be a challenge but as with all training tasks, patience, confidence, and consistency are the keys to success. The following 10 tips will also help you while leash training your puppy.

1. Select the Right Collar and Leash

In order to properly leash train your puppy, you need to begin with the right tools. You should begin with a flat, lightweight collar and a lightweight leash. There are many different types of collars and leashes, and you will may need to purchase new, heavier ones as your puppy grows, especially if they are a large breed like a German Shepherd. However, in the beginning, the collar and leash should be as light as possible so that they are comfortable for your puppy.

2. Let Your Puppy Adjust to the Collar

Wearing a collar is a foreign concept to your puppy, so you must give them time to adjust to it before you begin training. When you fit the collar, make sure it is snug but not too tight, or it will irritate your puppy. At first, put the collar on your puppy when they are occupied with playing or eating, so they have something positive to focus on. This will draw their attention away from the new feel of the collar and help them get used to wearing it.

3. Connect the Leash to Playtime

Once your puppy has had a few different occasions to get used to wearing the collar, add the leash to it. The weight of the leash will also take some getting used to, so connect wearing the leash to positive activities like playing. Let the leash trail on the ground while you throw a ball for your puppy, for example, and they should be adequately distracted by the game of catch. Even if your puppy is contained in your yard by an electric fence for dogs or traditional fence, always supervise them while their leash is on to prevent tangling or accidental strangulation.

4. Start with Short Training Sessions

Always use short training sessions, especially at first, to avoid overwhelming or upsetting your puppy. If you are patient and allow your puppy to progress at their own pace, you’ll have much better results. Slow baby steps will create a solid foundation for walking on a leash, as forcing quick obedience never works well. If you notice your puppy getting tired, stressed, or losing interest, end the leash training session and begin again after at least a few hours of rest.

5. Utilize Treats as Encouragement

Treats are excellent encouragement, and they will help your puppy associate obedience with reward. Begin by offering your dog a treat for simply sitting next to you while you’re holding their leash. Take a few steps forward, then offer your dog another treat if they follow you at your side. Holding a treat at your side will help your dog understand where they are supposed to be. Reward good behavior with a treat; positive reinforcement is excellent for leash training.

6. Remain Calm and Positive

If your dog does not follow you properly, do not get upset or irritated. Keeping a calm, encouraging, and positive demeanor will help your dog succeed. Getting upset will only upset your dog, and it will greatly slow down their progress. Simply repeat your training exercises, and withhold treats if your puppy does not comply as expected. Never lose your temper – and this goes for all training, whether it be electronic dog fence training, house training, or any type.

7. Don’t Pull on the Collar at First

Avoid putting pressure on your puppy’s collar, because this will give them a negative feeling regarding their collar and leash. If your dog does not follow you, or if they walk too far ahead of you, do not jerk their collar or drag them into place. Simply stop, hold the treat where you want them to be, and wait for them to process the situation and realize what you want them to do. Once your puppy is leash trained, you can begin to put small amounts of pressure on the collar to get them accustomed to it, and follow up with a treat as a reward.

8. Decrease Leash Slack If Necessary

If your puppy is having trouble heeling while walking on the leash, decrease the leash slack to keep them closer to you. Again, hold a treat by your side as encouragement, and periodically give them the treat while they walk in place. Gradually increase slack as you go.

9. Be Consistent and Persistent

Another leash training tip that goes for all types of training is to be consistent. Consistency is essential for teaching your puppy proper behavior and obedience; inconsistency of method or expectations will only confuse them. Also be persistent. If your dog is not cooperating or needs a break, try again a few hours later or on the next day, and repeat.

10. Practice and Reward Regularly

Once your dog has learned how to walk on a leash, be sure to practice regularly. If you do not go on walks often, it’s important to put your dog on a leash and walk them around your backyard every so often to reinforce their skills. Continue to reward them with treats for their success, and they’ll retain the knowledge of proper leash walking and heeling.

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Monday, August 26, 2019

Stop Your Bouncing Ball From Jumping

Stop Dog Jumping

It is not always suggested locking your dog in a room or chaining him whenever you are visited by your friends and guests or when there’s a lizard on the wall. Have you ever wondered why your dog jumps on certain situations? If your dog misbehaves (jumps) on situations like these, it sounds like he is not properly socialized. I have talked loads on socialization earlier, and this is again another time I thought of publishing another post on how to prevent your dog from jumping. However, it’s not just socialization that can help you control jumping mishaps. Understanding why dogs jump is the first step towards controlling jumping mishaps.

Yes… socialization is one major factor obviously; so let’s start off with this. Helping your puppy mingle with strangers, your friends and situations is the best way to prevent many behavioral problems when he becomes adult. Dogs jump because they want to come closer to the object(s) or human(s) that trigger their inquisitiveness.

A consistent and regular practicing to help your dog know the natural things of a social world can mitigate their inquisitiveness. Make it a practice to take your dog out during a time of the day when he can see children playing, vehicles passing by, friends coming your way, birds & butterflies flying around and he can meet other pets on the sidewalk. Start socializing your dog at an early age.

If your dog jumps every time he sees a lizard on the wall or as soon as he finds you picking up his leash, then he has unused energy, and probably needs more exercise. Lack of exercise results in uncontrolled restlessness, including jumping accompanied with lack of focus. Giving your dog right volume of exercise is very important for maintaining a balanced behavior. ‘Right volume of exercise’ doesn’t mean excessive exercise to make him over exhausted. Over exercise is equally harmful as inadequate exercise. Consistent training alongside proper exercise leads to success.

What to train and how?

Remember, a favorable attention acts as a reward to your dog. The moment he turns notorious and jumps, seeing you coming in with his food bowl, immediately take off your attention from him, saying a firm and strong “NO”. By being consistent about this can effectively correct the undesirable jumping behavior. However, it may take time to correct bad behavior – especially like the ones such as jumping and chasing, and you need to be very patient and give your dog adequate time to get corrected.

Another wise idea is to give each undesirable behavior a unique name – say “Leap” for jumping on others, “CHASE” for chasing a running car and so on… The next step should be teaching your dog only to act on command, so that he will Jump only when you say “LEAP”, which means he will not jump until you direct him to jump by deliver the command “LEAP”. This in turn means you can control or rather manipulate some of his actions by giving or not giving command.

Training can only be effective if it’s calm and consistent. Teach your dog to perform any action (jump or sit) on command without forcing him, shoving him, yelling at him and absolutely without any kind of excitable movements or vocalization on your part. Any kind of excitement expressed by you will incite the dog, and will make de-focused further. For every desirable action he performs he should be praised lavishly – which acts as a reward to him. If your dog happens to be an unfocused jumper, it may be a bit more challenging; he needs enough on-leash exercise to sit and stay on commands at the very outset. Teaching him to jump only on command should be an advanced phase of training, followed by an extensive on-leash exercise to teach him sit and stay calm.

Consistency is the key to the success. You need to be consistent with the word you choose for each of the undesirable actions of your dog. You have to be consistent about what you want and what you don’t. You have to be consistent about the word your use as an corrective command – “NO” or “NAY” or “STOP” or “HALT”. Never allow him to jump until you direct him to do so. Immediately remove your attention and move back once his starts jumping seeing you picking up his leash. Most importantly — Do Not Allow Another Dog Lover Stop You From Correcting Your Dog In Middle Of Your Corrective Training Process. Doing So Will Confuse Your Dog And Things Will Only Worsen Up.

What to let him know?

Your dog doesn’t know at what time he’s not allowed to jump. But he can understand at what situation he should not jump. Let him know that putting his collar around his neck means he needs to behave calm. A consistent on-leash training process will make him understand that he should not jump when he is on his leash or when he has the collar around his neck. If your friend visits you and he is not on leash he knows he can jump as he is not disallowed to do so, because he doesn’t have the collar yet. But the moment he is on the leash or collared, he understands that he should not jump.
So whenever someone knocks your door, make sure your put the collar your dog before your open the door. Do so is actually a non-verbal command for your dog asking him not to jump at the incoming guest.

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Should You Add Olive Oil To Your Dogs Daily Diet?

When you talk about olive oil you probably think of its wide array of benefits for your children. According to a new study carried out by researchers in France older persons who consumes olive oil daily are less prone to have a stroke. The snippet of this study, which is part of the Three-City Study, an ongoing multi-center study of vascular risk factors for dementia, could be found in the online issue of Neurology. Moreover the Greeks and Italians have been using olive oil for several centuries now as a therapy for dry and bad skin.olive-oil-dog-diet

Fact is olive oil is not only beneficial for humans, but it is also a wise addition to your dog’s daily diet. Veterinarians often ask adding olive oil to dog’s diet to help subjects with itchy dermal allergies. As long as your dog doesn’t have any underlying diseases that affect his skin or or allergies, treating flaky, dry and itchy skin with olive oil is a great option.

Here are many other reasons to add olive oil to your dog’s diet

Treating flaky dry skin: If your dog is suffering from flaky, dry skin you can apply olive oil both externally and internally. Applying olive oil externally and with your dog’s food will only mitigate the flakiness. For a permanent result it is important to look into your dog’s internal health including the liver and digestive system. Poor quality food, dry weather, heavy infestation of internal and external parasites, allergies (inhalant or food allergies), autoimmune disorders, hormonal imbalance (lack of thyroid hormones) are some of the other things that contribute to the dryness of your dog’s skin and these conditions need to be addressed alongside applying olive oil. The omega 3 fatty acids in olive oil improves the skin quality of your dog.

Health of connective tissue and coat: Olive oil is rich in vitamin E that supports the health of connective tissue like muscles and skin by minimizing the loss of muscular and dermal elasticity. Dogs that get a teaspoon of olive oil will have a healthier skin and coat condition.

Strengthening dog’s immunity: Olive oil is one of the richest natural sources of high levels of antioxidants, polyphenols, carotenoids, chlorophyll and natural vitamin E (as already mentioned above). This is a unique blend of most important micronutrients that helps in prevention of degenerative diseases and various diseases associated with oxidative stress, for instance neurodegenerative disorders (Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (NCL) or Batten didease), cancer and cardiovascular ailment in your dog.

Fights Osteoporosis: Olive Oil effectively fights osteoporosis in dogs, as in humans. In a study researchers have proved olive oil’s benefit in fighting the decreasing bone mass in dogs and females that have given birth to puppies. Olive oil helps in thickening of bone mass and prevent. However, alone olive oil may not be a great solution. A balanced diet plays a very important role in maintaining healthy bones. It is important to introduce foods rich in calcium and Vitamin D, as well as those containing minerals including: zinc, magnesium, phosphorus, iron in your dog’s daily diet. It is advised to check with a registered veterinarian or nutritionist for help in determining what, if anything more, is needed to be added in your dog’s daily diet for healthy bones.

Fights High Cholesterol Level without compromising on desirable fats: Olive oil controls cholesterol level on your dog without compromising on the desired requirement of essential fats.

Support improved blood circulation: Olive oil improves blood circulation and soothe breathing. A controlled daily dose of olive oil may be beneficial for breeds like bull dogs that suffer from distress breathing.

How much of olive oil is enough for your dog may depend largely on the type of dog you have. It is advisable to check with your vet and an experienced canine nutritionist who can help you in determining how much olive oil should you add to your dog’s diet.

Olive Oil To Your Dog’s Diet Is a Wise Decision If your dog Is Not Allergic to This Oil

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Head Pressing in Your Dog Can Indicate Potentially Dangerous Medical Condition

I am pretty much sure that most dog owners who are reading this post are not aware that a slight change in their dog’s behavior for no noticeable cause may give an indication of a serious health condition. This chapter may turn out to be really helpful for many dog owners like you. My friend Roby called me up this weekend and informed me of his dog – Jed’s weird behavior, which he started noticing since the previous evening. Jed suddenly started to press his head against the wall and cupboards. I suggested him to rush to the vet without delay! I could well assume what had happened.


"Head Pressing" is an unusual behavior in dogs characterized by compulsive tendency of pressing its head against a hard surface for an extended time span.

In common medical term this problem is usually called “Head Pressing”, which indicates a serious impending danger, as this disorder is usually characterized by malfunctioning of the nervous system that attracts immediate medical attention. However there may be more causes associated with head pressing in dogs; One of the commonly known causes is Hepatic encephalopathy (also called Portosystemic Encephalopathy), which is brought on by conditions affecting the dog’s liver. Researchers have been studying the main cause of head pressing in dogs, and concluded that malfunctioning of liver often encourages toxins and ammonia to accumulate, thereby triggering the neurologic syndrome – Head Pressing.

Although not too usual, but puppies with congenital portosystemic shunt (Acquired Portosystemic Shunt), which is a birth defect, may also be predisposed to head pressing. With Acquired Portosystemic Shunt the blood vessel(s) carries blood around the liver, instead of carrying blood through the liver. The liver’s purpose is to keep the blood purified by removing the toxins. When the blood isn’t carried through the liver, it starts mal-functioning. As it stops functioning properly, it allows the blood toxins to build up, which generates serious neurologic syndrome – Head Pressing.

However, this is not the only reason of Head Pressing in dogs. There are other reasons that cause Head Pressing in dogs.

Hydrocephalus - Accumulation of fluid in the brain

Brain Tumors - This typically happens for unknown reasons, but specialists assume that genetics and environment have a role. Slow growing brain tumors encroach into the normal space of the brain, and as it grows bigger it results in changes within the brain which cause neurological symptoms. Head pressing is one of them.

Cerebrovascular Accident - Brain stroke due to lack of oxygen supply into the brain because of the impaired blood flow to the brain due to blockage or rupture of an artery to the brain.

Taumatic Brain Injury (TBI) - Injuries occuring to the brain and neural or brain tissue and blood vessels in the head.

Meningitis, Encephalitis, and Meningoencephalitis - Meningitis, encephalitis, and meningoencephalitis caused by infection by bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa, rickettsia, or parasites can result to neurologic problems such as head pressing, walking in circle, disorientation in locomotion, frequent stumbling and false stepping and other behavioral changes.

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Sunday, August 11, 2019

Evaluate Breeding Values By DNA & Performance Tests

Photo: Rex (India) - May 30, 2004 - Jan 18, 2015

Dog Breeding Goal: Performance & DNA Tests Should Be a Must For Ethical Dog Breeding Practice

In an attempt to spread an awareness of ethical practice for dog breeding, WelcomeDogLovers.Blogspot.Com seeks to bring in this chapter that talks about how DNA tests can contribute in evaluating breeding values. Not only owners, but aspiring dog breeders should be benefited from this chapter and may be more inclined towards setting a breeding goal, aiming towards scientifically eliminating genetic defects – both mental and physical.

Breeding Value for a Dog: So what is this? Breeding value for a specific dog is the set of genetically governed qualities that helps you decide whether to breed him/her or not. Since breeding goal should be development of the breed by eliminating defects and carriers of defective traits, a dog is considered to have a higher breeding value if it genetically close to the standard, insofar psychological, physiological and physical traits are concerned and is capable to pass on the strong traits to its progenitors, which in turn contributes to the breed development. Dog breeding values can be effectively evaluated by understanding the degree of contribution a dog (dam or sire or both) can genetically make. Passing on the traits (desirable or undesirable) to progenitors is simply quite natural.

Evaluating the statistical estimation of breeding value can be done through:

1) Testing the performance of direct parents, close relatives and their progenitors
2) Testing the DNA of direct parents, their offspring, close relatives and their progenitors

Performance Test to Evaluate Breeding Value:

Dog breeders should adopt the practice of evaluating breeding value, and clubs and canine organizations have to encourage breeders to keep closer eye their dogs’ overall performance with respect to behavior, temperament, traits, gait, and other physical and psychological features. Success can be achieved only through testing 100% of the offspring and it should be an ongoing and consistent process. In an article appeared in GKF Info 26 Dec. 2007, pages 13-19, Gesellschaft zur Förderung Kynologischer Forschung e.V., Bonn, Germany, Dr. Helga Eichelberg said it right: “breed clubs must look after the prerequisite, which is to find ways to increase the rate of performance testing and making the data available.”

(Translated in English by Joe Schmutz)

DNA Tests to Evaluate Breeding Value:

DNA tests for dogs are not yet available everywhere, which is an excuse for overwhelmingly growing numbers of backyard breeders for not getting a chance to effectively determining the breeding value of their dogs. Implementing the practice of DNA tests in dog breeding will efficiently filter out the genetic defects, which should be the one most important breeding goal. Through DNA tests more and more complicated traits can be determined to contribute to the evaluation process of breeding value. Proper DNA tests will help filtering out the defects and undesirable traits and characteristics and also effectively filter out the carriers of defective psychological, physiological and physical characteristics.

DNA tests are important to evaluate the actual genetic characteristics of a dog. Even if a dog has a rich bloodline with all desirable traits, still more complex and subtle undesirable traits may not be noticeable without an appropriate DNA trait. A seemingly close to perfect dog when combined with a very good female with apparently high heritable qualities may still produce unreliable progenitors with subtle or pronounced defects. Very nice dogs may still have siblings that many educated and ethical breeders may consider as unreliable and non-breedable. DNA tests help to effective determine all strengths and weaknesses of a dog which helps a breeder to make valuable decision when it comes to breeding his dogs.

Takeaways From This Chapter: Dog breeding is a serious activity that demands a responsible approach that should be backed with scientific knowledge and an inclination towards breed development, and not just making money. Emotional approach in breeding dog is bound to make mess.

Great Related Reads On GSD:

True type German Shepherds have typical basic instincts that should be retained while breeding. To retain the basic German Shepherd instincts and type SV has set some rules. Click to read the SV Rules For The Breeders - Article Reproduced from SV. Dog breeders should draft an effective and scientific breeding goal (breeding program) to eliminate the defects and reinforce the desirable quality of the breed. Here's how a GSD breeder needs to frame his mind while breeding.

You may find this interesting too: Basic instincts of German Shepherd that all breeders should understand

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How to Intensify the Bond Between You and Your Dog/Puppy

Pranab Deb and German Shepherd Simba, Police Constable, CISF (Central Industrial Security Force) are stationed at Indian Oil Corporation’s site in Haldia, West Bengal.

Human- Dog Relationship

The first day when you bring that bundle of joy home, you are considered to be his only parent. Whether he grows up to a desirable dog or an unruly canine, you are responsible for its upbringing and character development. However, in the quest of training our dog, following several rules, techniques and instructions, we often forget the more important aspect, and that is to build a strong bond between us and our dogs. In almost every cases, a strong bond between you and the dog mitigates a lot of obstacles and blocks during the process of dog training, as it naturally motivates the dog to look up at you for instructions and commands.

The best time to establish a bond between you and your canine companion is when he's still a puppy, as that is the age when he's most responsive, flexible and the tendency to bond with his master or owner is at its peak. Apart from this, the tender age of puppy-hood is the time when he learns most of the tricks and retain those for a longer time. Another very important factor to keep in mind is to choose a breed which would suit your lifestyle and attitude and would be able to cope with the same with his own behavior.

It is not advisable to go by the puppy's look or size, rather it is important that you choose one with whom it would be easier to co-exist and connect for a long term. In certain cases, one can even go and consult a vet before choosing the apt breed that would be compatible with the owner's lifestyle. For a owner, it is advised to retrospect that a little puppy is like a little child, whose life in this age has to be filled with all the positive attributes, in a balanced manner to make him grow up into a healthy, happy, energetic and compassionate companion for a lifetime, and this responsibility of bringing up your puppy into a desirable dog depends upon how strong is your bond with your dog. Let's see what all we can do to fulfill the purpose.

The ideal age in which a puppy should be brought home is when he's 7 weeks old and this will allow you to have a natural bonding with your puppy, as he will connect with you through his senses like smell, taste and voice. Try to spend the maximum time with your puppy, teach him to move, walk and play with you.

Watch it grow and explore life with his natural enthusiasm and curiosity, besides teaching him the various ways of life and correct social disposition. The more time you would spend with your new puppy watching his every moves, acts and deeds, the more he will look up at you for guidance, protection and instructions, and there lies the foundation of obedience and dependence.

Take measures to socialize your puppy from the very beginning by introducing him to the children and other family members, smaller pets (if any), friends, relatives, the neighbors etc. It is important for the puppy to get acquainted with more and more human faces and their sounds, smell, touch, gestures, expressions and activities. This will not only socialize the puppy but will also make him compare your presence and touch with the others and see him coming back to you for comfort and security.

The cutest sight for any puppy-owner is to find his puppy sweetly following him wherever he goes, it's fine, as a puppy feels like a small child who when left alone, fears being abandoned. However, you can do an activity of leaving him for few minutes and coming back to him after that with a treat. Doing this on a regular basis (leaving your puppy for some time and coming back to him with a treat) would grow a feeling and confidence in your puppy, that you would not be away for a long time, and this certainly shall strengthen the bond of trust between you two.

A very important feeling that an owner must inculcate in his puppy to enhance the bond of love and belonging is to make the puppy feel like an integral part in his owner's life and this can be done by making your puppy a part of your daily activities like visiting nearby market to pick household stuffs, carrying him to the school to pick your children up, taking him for a morning or evening walk, teaching him few tricks like fetching things for you and helping you to pick up stuffs during cleaning up the rooms etc. another very important way to make your dog look up at you for comfort and help is when you potty-train him properly.

To build proper potty habits in your growing puppy it is important to be with him at almost all the time when he wakes up in the early mornings or in the mid of the night. Look for indications and signs and observe his body language when he needs to do his business and take him out after every meal (which should preferably be 4/5 times, depending upon his age and breed). It is also advised to take him out at other times as well, if need arises.

Obedience training your puppy about some activities like sitting, lying, fetching things, coming to you on calling his name and teaching him few tricks and playful activities etc is a great way to make your dog's life full of enthusiasm, as he will take you as the most exciting part of his life. Always find a particular amount of time to spend solely with your dog/puppy and make the best of this time by playing various games with him like Frisbee, go-fetch, taking him out for a fun-walk, taking him for a swim and so on.

Grooming your growing puppy like brushing his fur/coat with dog-brush, clipping his nail, bathing him and drying him afterward is a wonderful way to connect with with dog with a special bond. It may happen sometimes, that your puppy may miss to pick up some lessons and tricks on time, ending up doing some mistakes and undesirable stuffs inside the house; be patient and tolerant towards your puppy and never hit him as this will not only confuse him but will also break his trust on you. Clean up the house as soon as possible and pay extra attention so that he never get to repeat it again.

Remember to apply positive reinforce techniques rather than punishing him, as this will motivate your puppy to do the right thing and will also make him look up at you for appreciation and acknowledgment, strengthening your bond with him. Not all reward based training techniques can positively reinforce the desirable habits. Using strategic motivational factors  in the dog training technique works better.

It is important for an owner to establish himself as a consistent source of excitement, care, nurture, protection, affection, guidance and discipline to his puppy/dog.

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